AVI Networks – Reset Controller

Sometimes it’s required to reset a controller, this can be done from the cli.

First login to the controller you wish to reset

→ ssh admin@
Avi Cloud Controller

Avi Networks software, Copyright (C) 2013-2017 by Avi Networks, Inc.
All rights reserved.

Version:      18.2.2
Date:         2019-03-06 09:07:37 UTC
Build:        9224
Management:                UP
Gateway:                   UP

admin@'s password:

The copyrights to certain works contained in this software are
owned by other third parties and used and distributed under
license. Certain components of this software are licensed under
the GNU General Public License (GPL) version 2.0 or the GNU
Lesser General Public License (LGPL) Version 2.1. A copy of each
such license is available at
http://www.opensource.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.php and

After that you need to switch to the AVI Shell and there you can issue the ‘reboot clean’ command. Credentials for the AVI Shell are the same as for the SSH Login.

admin@192-168-128-8:~$ shell
Login: admin

[admin:192-168-128-8]: > reboot clean

This will erase the entire configuration and reboot the cluster

Would you like to proceed? (yes/no): yes

This may take 2-3 minutes to complete. Please wait...

Lost connectivity to the controller -- Retrying to connect
Re-established connectivity -- Please retry the command

Broadcast message from root@192-168-128-8 (somewhere) (Fri Mar  8 16:46:51 2019)

Rebooting this VM because of the cluster event 'clean reboot'

Cisco ACI – Convert Leaf Ports (Uplink to Downlink)

Since ACI release 3.1(1) it’s now possible to use some of the Leaf Uplinks as Downlink Ports. This could help you out if there is a need for some 40/100G ports but you are currently only running 10G Leafs.
Currently the following Leafs support the conversion:

  • N9K-C9348GC-FXP
  • N9K-C93180LC-EX and N9K-C93180YC-FX
  • N9K-93180YC-EX, N9K-C93180YC-EX, and N9K-C93180YC-EXU
  • N9K-C93108TC-EX and N9K-C93108TC-FX
  • N9K-C9336C-FX2 (only downlink to uplink conversion supported)

There are some limitations, check them out on the Cisco Page.

Our use case was to use some of the 40/100G Ports as Downlinks on a N9K-C93180YC-FX. The main limitation there is that the last 2 ports (53 and 54) don’t support conversion, no issue if you use them as Uplinks anyway.


ACI/N9K – How to convert a Nexus 9000 from NX-OS to ACI

Some time ago i posted how to convert a ACI switch to NX-OS, now the other way around.

Copy the file to the NX-OS Mode N9k

switch# copy scp: bootflash:
Enter source filename: Downloads/aci-n9000-dk9.12.2.1o.bin
Enter vrf (If no input, current vrf 'default' is considered): management
Enter hostname for the scp server:
Enter username: USER
aci-n9000-dk9.12.2.1o.bin                       1%   15MB   3.8MB/s   04:34 ETA

Change the boot mode to aci

switch(config)# boot aci bootflash:///aci-n9000-dk9.12.2.1o.bin
Warning: Please check list of all ACI supported hardware before doing this operation, not all hardware are supported.
Warning: Booting to an ACI image will remove all nxos configuration and format bootflash. Do you want to continue (y/n)?[n] y
Performing image verification and compatibility check, please wait....

Image verification successful.

That’s it, just boot the switch and you can join the fabric 🙂
Be aware that the first reload can take quite some time! (15minutes+)

switch# reload
!!!WARNING! there is unsaved configuration!!!
This command will reboot the system. (y/n)?  [n] y

Unable to create San-Port-Channel Between Nexus 5548UP and UCS(-Mini)

The Issue

We implemented a new UCS-Mini for a customer with existing Nexus 5548UP (5.1(3)N1(1a)), on the SAN Part we faced some strange issues:

2017 Mar 25 12:11:30 NEX5548-2 %PORT-5-IF_DOWN_PORT_CHANNEL_MEMBERS_DOWN: %$VSAN 300%$ Interface san-port-channel 200 is down (No operational members)
2017 Mar 25 12:11:31 NEX5548-2 Mar 25 12:11:31 %KERN-3-SYSTEM_MSG: fc2_nsh_tx_frame: FC2 s_id/d_id/vsan error: sid=0xfffffe,did=0x0,vsan=300,rctl:0x23,type:0x1,oxid 0x4d,rxid:0xff25 - kernel
2017 Mar 25 12:12:10 NEX5548-2 %PORT-5-IF_PORT_QUIESCE_FAILED: Interface fc1/20 port quiesce failed due to failure reason: Force Abort Due to Link Failure (NOS/LOS) (0x119)
2017 Mar 25 12:12:10 NEX5548-2 %PORT-5-IF_DOWN_OLS_RCVD: %$VSAN 300%$ Interface fc1/20 is down (OLS received) san-port-channel 200
2017 Mar 25 12:12:10 NEX5548-2 Mar 25 12:12:10 %KERN-3-SYSTEM_MSG: fc2_nsh_tx_frame: FC2 s_id/d_id/vsan error: sid=0xfffffe,did=0x0,vsan=300,rctl:0x23,type:0x1,oxid 0x5a,rxid:0xff32 - kernel

The san-port-channel was really basic and added to just one VSAN

interface san-port-channel 200
  channel mode active
  switchport mode F
  switchport trunk mode off

vsan 220 interfaces:
    san-port-channel 100 san-port-channel 200

There was also an existing UCS where the san-port-channel worked without any issue

san-port-channel 100 is up
    Hardware is Fibre Channel


After some looking around i found a bug that matched pretty good on the cisco page.
I checked the MAC OUI on the UCS Mini

UCS-Mini-A# connect nxos
UCS-Mini-A(nxos)# show int fc1/1
fc1/1 is down
    Hardware is Fibre Channel, SFP is short wave laser w/o OFC (SN)
    Port WWN is XX:XX:00:de:fb:XX:XX:XX

These matches the OUIs described in the bug

Add MAC OUI “002a6a”, “8c604f”, “00defb” for 5k/UCS-FI

After upgrading the Nexus 5548UP to 5.2.1.N1.9b i was finally able to bring the san-port-channel up between the Nexus and the UCS-Mini.

  BIOS:      version 3.6.0
  loader:    version N/A
  kickstart: version 5.2(1)N1(9b)
  system:    version 5.2(1)N1(9b)

2017 Mar 26 07:52:12 NEX5548-2 %PORT-5-IF_UP: %$VSAN 300%$ Interface san-port-channel 200 is up in mode F

BFD and ip redirects

We faced some strange ICMP redirect messages today on one of our devices after we configured BFD for BGP.


ICMP: bogus redirect from - for use gw
      gateway address is one of our addresses
ICMP: bogus redirect from - for use gw
      gateway address is one of our addresses
ICMP: bogus redirect from - for use gw
      gateway address is one of our addresses

So we checked the device that was sending these redirects and did a short ethanalyzer capture

ethanalyzer local interface inband-in vdc vdc2 capture-filter "host" limit-captured-frames 0
Capturing on inband ->  UDP 60 Source port: 49152  Destination port: bfd-echo ->  UDP 60 Source port: 49152  Destination port: bfd-echo ->  UDP 60 Source port: 49152  Destination port: bfd-echo ->  UDP 60 Source port: 49152  Destination port: bfd-echo

So these redirect messages where triggered from the BFD Echo packets that Device2 received from Device1.
We simply forgot to disable `ip redirects` on the interface between Device2 and Device1, after we changed this the ICMP bogus redirect messages where gone.

interface port-channel1
  <strong>no ip redirects</strong>

This is documented on various points on the cisco page, for example here.

Before using BFD echo mode, you must disable the sending of Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) redirect messages by entering the no ip redirects command, in order to avoid high CPU utilization.

Cisco Champion 2017

I just got the mail that i was accepted to the Cisco Champions 2017 program, this is the first year for me!

What makes a Cisco Champion? Quote from Cisco.com:
Passion, plus a desire to share their perspectives with the community. There are Cisco Champions all over the world. They represent a variety of segments across the IT industry. And they offer their time to help others learn about Cisco and connect with Cisco in unique ways.

Thanks to Cisco for the opportunity to be member of this program!

Happy New Year & Resolutions for 2017

2016 is over, at least here in switzerland. It was an interesting year for me, i attend my first Cisco Live (@Vegas) and had to recertify my CCIE for the first time. As the new year starts i’m taking a new challenge @Netcloud as Network Engineer. I have different things that i want to accomplish in 2017.

Short Description
Run on 200 Days About 4 Days a week, this will be hard but should be doable
First Marathon Already booked, Berlin in September
Read 26 Books I will create a list and keep track of this on a separate post
Improve my Spanish I learned some basic Spanish skills last year and put them in use on my trip to central america, but i definitely want improve them!
Get my CCIE Datacenter I'm already working on this
Blog Redesign An easy one, but it's time for a new look

Error: Error executing command on leaf02. Error Code: 255

I had a issue today with running remote commands on one of my fabric switches, always generated an error.

apic1# fabric leaf02 show switchname
 Node 102 (leaf02)
Error: Error executing command on leaf02. Error Code: 255

I tried to directly connect and found the error

admin@apic1:attach leaf02
This command is being deprecated on APIC controller, please use NXOS-style equivalent command
# Executing command: ssh leaf02 -b
Someone could be eavesdropping on you right now (man-in-the-middle attack)!
It is also possible that the RSA host key has just been changed.
The fingerprint for the RSA key sent by the remote host is
Please contact your system administrator.
Add correct host key in /home/admin/.ssh/known_hosts to get rid of this message.
Offending key in /home/admin/.ssh/known_hosts:2
Password authentication is disabled to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks.
Keyboard-interactive authentication is disabled to avoid man-in-the-middle attacks.

Permission denied (publickey,password,keyboard-interactive).

I think this was the switch that i converted to NX-OS standalone mode, and thus it changed the host key.

The fix is easy, open the file and delete the offending key

vi /home/admin/.ssh/known_hosts

After that i was able to run commands from the apic and also connect to the fabric switch again.

Cisco ACI – Run Commands on the Switches from your APIC

With the introduction of the NX-OS like CLI Cisco also added the option to run commands on the switches directly from your apic. It’s now even easier to get some infos from one or multiple switches in your fabric.

Show switchname on a single fabric switch

apic1# fabric leaf01 show switchname
 Node 101 (leaf01)

You can also run commands on multiple devices

apic1# fabric leaf01, leaf02 show switchname
 Node 101 (leaf01)
 Node 102 (leaf02)

The list of possible commands is pretty long, just to give an idea

 aaa               aaa
 bfd               BFD commands
 bgp               Display BGP status and configuration
 cdp               Show Cisco Discovery Protocol information
 clock             Display current Date
 coop              Show information about coop
 copp              Control Plane Policing (CoPP) information
 copyright         Copyright information
 cores             Show all core dumps for the current vdc
 dhcp              Show DHCP
 diagnostic        Diagnostic commands
 dpp               Data Plane Policing (DPP) information
 eigrp             Display EIGRP status and configuration
 endpoint          End point
 environment       Environment Information
 fc2               Show fc2 information
 fcoe              Show FCOE paramaters
 fex               Show FEX information
 forwarding        Display mfdm information
 hardware          Show hardware information
 hostname          Hostname
 hsrp              HSRP information
 interface         Show interface status and information
 inventory         system inventory information
 ip                Display IP information
 ipmgr             Show information about ipmgr
 ipv6              Show IPv6 information
 isis              Display IS-IS status and configuration
 istack            Show istack information
 lacp              LACP protocol
 lldp              Show information about lldp
 locator-led       Blink locator led on device
 logging           logging information
 mac               Mac addr information
 mcp               Show information about mcp
 mfdm              Show MFDM information
 module            Module
 monitor           Show SPAN information
 npv               Show Npv information
 ntp               Show NTP information
 oam               Show information about oam
 ospfv3            Display OSPFv3 status and configuration
 port-channel      Show port-channel information
 porttrack         Port Tracking
 processes         Show processes
 radius-server     Radius-server
 redundancy        Show system redundancy status
 resource          Show resource configuration for VDC
 route-map         Route-map information
 routing           Display routing information
 san-port-channel  Show san-port-channel information
 service           Display service information
 snmp              Display SNMP information
 sprom             show SPROM contents
 stats_manager     Show information about stats_manager
 switchname        Show the system's hostname
 system            System-related commands
 tacacs-server     Tacacs-server
 tunnel            Show information about Tunnel
 users             Show users logged onto the system and their sessions
 vdc               Show information about vdc_mgr
 version           Show running firmware version and basic system information
 vlan              VLAN status
 vpc               Virtual Port Channel configuration
 vrf               Display VRF information
 vsan              Show vsan information
 zoning-filter     Display Zoning-Filter information
 zoning-rule       Display Zoning-Rule information